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Traveling with Cannabis: 7 Laws to Consider



When traveling with cannabis, it is important to know that federal law controls interstate commerce, and as a result, it is always illegal to transport your cannabis from one state to another.

We spoke to Kristin L. Jordan, Esq. from Newman Ferrara LLP to find out more about the law and traveling with cannabis.

It is illegal to possess or transport cannabis under federal law

Even if your state allows the use of cannabis, you can still be arrested and convicted under the Controlled Substances Act, a law that considers the possession of any amount of cannabis a federal misdemeanor with a maximum fine of $1,000 and a maximum sentence of one year in prison. This can happen if you are caught by a federal law enforcement officer, or if you violate any of the eight enforcement priorities outlined here. Currently, under The Obama Administration, federal cannabis laws are not enforced in states where it is legal. This does not apply to diversion, meaning you cannot transport cannabis across state lines.

Some states tolerate possession

20 states have decriminalized cannabis, which means possession of limited quantities of cannabis is handled more like a traffic offense. Depending on the state, you can have anywhere between less than ½ ounce to 3.5 ounces before facing jail time, though you may have to pay a fine. You are allowed to have cannabis on your person or in your private residence, but if you choose to smoke in a public place, decriminalization laws do not apply and you will still be subject to arrest.

Some states have reciprocity

In most cases, your medical card in your home state will not justify your possession of cannabis in another state, but there are a few exceptions. Arizona allows for “visiting qualifying patients” to have possession, whereas Rhode Island respects out of state recommendations. Nevada has reciprocity and Michigan only has reciprocity with states that also have reciprocity. Maine allows patients to use their own supply of cannabis for 30 days (but doesn’t allow them to buy from Maine dispensaries), and Oregon allows out of state patients to register with the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program.

Keep it mind that this does not mean you can travel with cannabis. It simply means that while you are in the designated state, your possession is justified.

Check here to find out all the reciprocity laws for each state.

Some states are unsympathetic

States like Texas and Alabama have laws with even worse repercussions for possession of cannabis than federal laws. In Texas, possession of less than an ounce of cannabis may lead to 180 days of incarceration and a $2,000 fine. In Alabama, you can spend a year in jail and pay up to a $6,000 fine for possession of any amount. Other states with harsh penalties include: Indiana, Missouri, and Georgia.

Drivers may refuse to be searched

Know your rights! Be polite when engaging with a police officer. If they ask to search your car or person, you can say, “I do not consent to a search.” If they ask more questions, you may say, “I don’t want to answer any questions. Am I free to go?” For more information on this, read NORML’s helpful guide to your rights.

Please note that you CANNOT refuse to be searched if traveling by air.

TSA does not search for drugs at airport security. If they find it by accident, they will refer the matter to the nearest law enforcement officer. We called TSA to find out the likelihood of being referred to a federal versus state officer, but their representative couldn’t say.

Some airports have special rules

States where cannabis has been legalized may have different protocols when it comes to flying. If possible, check the policies of the specific airports you are flying to and from beforehand. For example, travelling with cannabis is allowed on flights within Oregon, while Denver and Colorado Springs airports do not allow flying with cannabis at all. Check out this article for more specific information.

Don’t get caught twice

Multiple arrests can increase your sentence drastically. The second time you get convicted under the Controlled Substances Act, you will face a mandatory minimum of 15 days in jail and up to a $2,500 fine. If you are caught a third time, you will face at least 90 days in jail and pay up to $5,000.

Do you have any questions about traveling with marijuana? Let us know by commenting below.

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Five Ways Cannabis Affects Sleep



Five Ways Cannabis Affects Sleep

Medical patients often suffer from not sleeping well. We dug into recent studies to see if cannabis improves sleep. Here are five things you should know:

THC boosts melatonin

The psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, THC has been shown to dramatically increase melatonin production, causing a spike up to four thousand times that of baseline levels. Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that regulates circadian rhythm and sleep.

Increase slow-wave sleep

According to the Department of Psychiatry at the University of San Diego, THC increases the third and fourth stages of the sleep cycle, also known as ‘slow-wave sleep’ (SWS). Increased SWS has been linked to an increased reduction of beta-amyloid, the harmful neural protein associated with Alzheimer’s Disease, dementia, and other memory loss conditions.

Reduce REM

While cannabis is known for increasing SWS, it also reduces the fifth phase of sleep, commonly known as rapid eye movement (REM). Less REM means having less dreams, but there is yet to be any evidence of negative effects.

Treat sleep apnea

Cannabis’ sleep-inducing properties are an excellent natural remedy for those suffering from sleep apnea. This helps them to fall and stay asleep easier and with less interruption.

Reduce RBD in Parkinson’s Disease

By using a high-CBD cannabis before bed, you can lessen REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD) effects such as tremors, violent movements, and nightmares. High-CBD cannabis has been found to be more effective than Levodopa, a prescription drug commonly prescribed to patients with Parkinson’s and onset-RBD.

More Information

Melatonin and marijuana (Lissoni, P., Resentini, M., and Fraschini, F. “Effects of Tetrahydrocannabinol on Melatonin Secretion in Man.”)
Cannabinoids for medical use (Journal of American Medical Association)
Effect of drugs on sleep (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
THC effects on sleep & sleep during withdrawal (Europe PMC)
How Cannabis can help RBD in Parkinson’s (

Has cannabis had an affect on your quality of sleep? Let us know in the comments section below.

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Grow Medicinal Marijuana At Home With A Grow Box



Grow Medicinal Marijuana At Home With A Grow Box

Growing your own medicinal marijuana is a liberating experience. You control all the variables. You know exactly what is in the bud you are smoking. grow box is a discreet and easy way to grow marijuana indoors at home, freeing yourself from dependence on both doctor and dispensary.

Gain independence with a grow box

A grow box is like a tiny, camouflaged green house. It is a self-contained unit with soil or hydroponic growing medium, lights, filters and pumps. Just add seeds, electricity and voila! You are growing your own medicinal marijuana.

Choose the right marijuana strain for you

There are two important considerations when choosing a strain of medicinal marijuana to grow yourself:

Your Medical Requirements – Are you looking for a powerful sedative effect to help with your insomnia or a functional day-time smoke to relieve pain and lighten anxiety?

Your Growing Space – Choose small, bushy strains like Indica or hybrid seeds instead of a tall, leggy Sativa. For your first grow an auto-flowering marijuana variety is the best choice because they require very little care or expertise.

Grow enough marijuana to meet your needs

Grow boxes are available in all sizes. Several surveys in the UK, Canada and the US suggest that most medicinal marijuana patients use 1-3 grams per day, or about 2 ½ pounds per year.

Even the tiny PC Grow Box, which holds just two small plants, can produce two pounds of dried bud per year. The compact SuperBox allows you to grow 8 plants at once with annual yields of 7 pounds or more.

Grow your medicinal marijuana under lights

Marijuana grows best under lights that mimic natural sunlight. There are three common types of grow lights used in the cultivation of marijuana:

  • Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs)
  • High Intensity Discharge Lights (HIDs)
  • Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)

Most grow boxes use either CFL or full spectrum LED grow lights. HIDs don’t work well in the enclosed space of a grow box because they get too hot.

While you can grow small amounts of marijuana successfully using CFLs, high quality LED grow lights save electricity and produce the highest yields.

Obtain higher yields using hydroponics

A hydroponic system doesn’t use soil. Growing hydroponic marijuana is not as complex as it may sound.

Many grow boxes come with a simple hydroponic system already set-up. You simply add nutrients, which often come with the grow box, and water. You can even choose to grow marijuana with organic nutrients.

Grow marijuana naturally in soil

Some people prefer to grow marijuana as naturally as possible. The Earth Cab grow box series is one style of grow box designed for soil.

Grow a continuous supply of medicinal marijuana

Once you get started you don’t need new seeds for each growing cycle. You can propagate new marijuana plants by taking cuttings, called clones, of your favorite existing plant.

A dual chamber grow box has a special space for making clones. These grow boxes allow you to produce a constant supply of fresh buds.

Find the perfect grow box for your situation

For the many medicinal growers discretion is essential. Look for a specially designed stealth grow box.

You can also choose a fully automated grow box that allows you to leave town for two weeks and come home to healthy plants.

Use this detailed review of the best grow boxes of 2015 to find the perfect set-up for you.

Grow medicinal marijuana at home with a grow box

Are you considering growing at home? Let us know why in the comments below!

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How Edibles Are Made



How Edibles Are Made

Since there are so many manufacturers throughout the US, cannabis-infused foods are produced in a variety of different ways. Read up on how your favorite edibles are made and learn how to make your own medicinal treats:

They’re usually made with trim

Trim contains the leftover leaf matter from the cannabis flower that growers usually throw away. It’s less potent than bud, but it’s full of trichomes and can be used in large quantities to produce a stronger effect.

Cannabis is decarboxylated

Decarboxylation activates THC and other cannabinoids to result in a more potent product. To achieve this, cannabis needs to be heated either through smoking, vaping, or baking. The flower is typically cooked for a long time over low heat before it’s used to make edibles. Eating raw cannabis won’t have a very strong effect, and it won’t taste good.

Cannabinoids are extracted

Edibles are infused with highly concentrated cannabis extracts. Depending on the extraction method, edibles can contain either tinctures, canna oil, or cannabutter. If you’re wondering how a specific edible was made, ask your budtender or contact the manufacturer.

Canna oil and cannabutter are common

THC is fat soluble, so cannabis is often cooked with oil or butter. When heated, the activated cannabinoids absorb into these ingredients. Check out this recipe for cannabis cooking oil and this one for cannabis-infused butter. Or try making cannabis coconut oil.

Tinctures are used in hard candies

Some edibles don’t go through a baking or cooking process, so tinctures are added instead of flower. Tinctures are liquid cannabis extracts made from a solvent like alcohol, vinegar, or glycerol. Rather than passing through the digestive system like cannabinoids in most edibles, these are absorbed by the body and can result in a quicker effect.

Have you ever made your own edibles? Tell us in the comments below.

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